Formosan subterranean termites are an invasive termite species which was introduced into the U.S. from native China after World War 2. These termite species are notorious for their destructive habits especially in devouring timber structures resulting in structural damage to buildings and other timber-based structures. Due to the fact that they exist in large colonies, the damage they impact is normally extensive within a short period of time.
Comparing Colony Size
The differences between Formosan termites and regular subterranean termites are distinctive. First and foremost, Formosan termites exist in very large colonies of not less than 10 million. This is far much bigger than the estimated colony size of regular termites which is about 100,000 to 1 million.
More Aggressive Nature
Secondly, the voraciousness of Formosan termites is unmatched with regard to their aggressive and destructive habits. Formosan termites will devour through thin metal sheets, piping materials, and other substances to get to the wood materials. Additionally, Formosan termites are less susceptible to predators as the soldiers make up a substantial percentage of the colony (10-20%) as opposed to the 2% soldier makeup of regular subterranean termites.
Wider Foraging Area
Lastly, Formosan termites are very mobile and very adaptable as compared to regular subterranean termites. This is mainly because; the former termites are not overly reliant on the ground for water and can satisfy their need for moisture by utilizing condensed moisture even at loft levels. Further to this, Formosan termites can thrive in different settings, climate and soil types with ease. In the ablate form, regular subterranean termites are weak flyers as opposed Formosan termites.
Generally, the above distinctions outline the major differences between regular and Formosan termites [ 1 ]. But to avoid the extensive damage that can be caused, preventive measures should be undertaken. Ensure that there are no damp conditions within the property. Make sure all areas are well ventilated to get rid of humid conditions and make frequent inspections of area that have woodworks to arrest infestation problems early enough.