Formosan Termite (Scientific name = Coptotermes formosanus)
A subterranean termite, the Formosan termite is the most commonly found subterranean termite in the world and is known to cause significant damage.
History of the Formosan Termites
Though its first record is in Taiwan in the early 20th Century, the Formosan subterranean termites are believed to have originated in China’s southern regions and to have been brought to Japan in the 16th Century and Hawaii in the late 19th Century.
The Formosan Termite Hits the United States
The Formosan Termites was first found in the United States in Louisiana, Texas and South Carolina in the 1960s. By 1980, there were reports of active colonies in communities in Florida.
Why are Formosan Termites So Destructive?
The number of termites in a Formosan termites colony is huge, even by subterranean termite standards (subterranean termites are known to have upwards of 100,000 individual termites per colony).
One Formosan termites colony can have millions of individual termites and can forage as much as 300 feet in soil. With a colony this size that can cover that much land, Formosan termites can do serious damage to buildings and other structures of all sizes.
What to do about a Formosan Termite Infestation
As soon as a Formosan termites infestation is confirmed, the termites must be eradicated immediately for the safety of the structure in question and those in the surrounding area [ 1 ].